The basic principles of Karate are punching (zuki), blocking (uke), striking (uchi) and kicking (geri). These basic techniques are called 'Kihon' - basic! All of these techniques are performed by using one of the shotokan stances (dachi).
Kumite (sparring) is training with a partner to practice the application of Kihon. There are several patterns of sparring drills:
- Gohon Kumite - Five attack sparring (usually same level attacks).
- Sambon Kumite - Three attack sparring (different level attacks).
- Kihon Ippon Kumite - Basic one attack sparring.
- Kaeshi Ippon Kumite - Basic one attack with counter.
- Jiyu Ippon Kumite - Semi-free one attack sparring.
- Okuri Jiyu Ippon Kumite - Semmi-free two attack sparring.
- Jiyu Kumite - Free sparring.
Kata and all of its principles are far to big to list here, but basically Kata is a set of pre-arranged moves for defence and attack. Kata is a way of teaching technique using a specified sequence against imaginary opponents. Kata uses all of the principles of shotokan - Kihon with the correct use of power, speed, co-ordination, timing and breathing.
There are around 27 different kata's in Shotokan karate. There are eight kata's to learn from 10th Kyu to 1st Dan, which are:
'Bunkai' is looking at the application of Kata, and understanding the true meaning of the form - required practice for shodan grades!!
Further information on our training sessions can be found here.